Indonesia’s rapid and extensive decentralization transferred substantial licensing authority to sub-national administrations, resulting in a proliferation of mining permits. Mining permits now cover 34 percent of Indonesia, with coal mining concessions alone covering 21.25 million hectares. This policy brief outlines the results of investigations conducted by civil society organisations into the extractives industry in 26 provinces to reveal issues related to mining operations not meeting requirements set by central governments, mining occurring illegally in conservation and protected forests, and massive potential state revenue losses occurring as a result of problematic mining business permits.

Oleh: Civil Society Against Mining Coalition
Year: 2015