Jakarta, July 22nd, 2016. The Hak Guna Usaha (HGU) document of palm oil plantation is now accessible for public after it’s officially resolved by Komisi Informasi Pusat (KIP). This verdict increases the number of information transparency for the HGU in the plantation industry. There were already two similar verdicts with the exact same documents that were published by Information Commissioner of East Kalimantan and Bengkulu.
“This verdict should become a warning for The Ministry of ATR/BPN not to let any disputes happen in the future. We also hope that The Ministry of ATR/BPN is willing to obey the verdict of KIP hearing to unlock the information requested,” said Linda Rosalina, one of the representations of FWI.
In the ninth hearing that was held on July 7th, 2016, KIP officially decided that the HGU document belongs to public as the kind of information that is accessible anytime. The verdict was delivered by The Head of Commissioner Council, Henny S. Widyaningsih. She also said that public could access every little detail of information from the document, such as HGU’s owners, location, the width and map of HGU area, etc.
Strangely, on June 30th, 2016, The Ministry of ATR/BPN said that although HGU document that is requested by FWI is indeed accessible for the public, people are still not allowed to know the names of HGU owners. The Ministry of ATR/BPN insists that that kind of information is still categorized as the excluded one (read: http://fwi.or.id/publikasi/akuntabilitas-kementerian-agraria-dan-tata-ruang-dalam-keterbukaan-informasi/). But with the official verdict from KIP, all details of information in HGU document are now out in the open, including the names of the rights holder.
The Head of Perkumpulan Kaoem Telapak, Zainuri Hasyim, also appreciates this verdict very well. “This kind of documents, the ones that can be utilized for natural resources management, is deservedly accessible for the public,” said Zainuri.
“If the document was continuously being kept, it would create mainland and social conflicts with the local society in the concession area. Take a look at the mainland conflict between the local society of Dayak Benuaq with a palm oil corporation, PT Borneo Surya Mining Jaya (PT BSMJ) in Muara Tae, East Kalimantan. It’s been going on for a long time and there are no solutions yet,” added Zainuri.
On the other hand, Linda also expressed her gratitude toward the verdict about HGU document in her press conference, “for 10 months, FWI have been putting out much effort for the information transparency of HGU documents of oil palm plantation. This long process shows that there are no more reasons for The ministry of ATR/BPN to hide those documents from the public. This has to be a revamping momentum in the internal organization of The Ministry of ATR/BON to create more transparency. As for the public, it’s a step to encourage out participation in supervising the natural resources management.”
4.097 Ha Areas of KEL Forest Disappeared in 2016
Banda Aceh – Around 4.097 Ha forest areas in Kawasan Ekosistem Leuser (KEL) in Aceh disappeared due to the changes in its function during 2016. On January 2016, the forest still had 1.820.726 Ha areas, but it all subsided to 1.816.629 Ha in June 2016. KEL, which includes 13 out of 23 districts in Aceh, becomes a forest with most widely disappearing areas. For instance, in East Aceh, the total area lost has reached 1.870 Ha from 236.874 Ha to 235.004 Ha. In Gayo Lues, it cuts down from 402.684 Ha to 402.279 Ha. South Aceh also experienced the same issue and lost 378 Ha areas, while others are around 12-286 Ha.
The thing is, that’s not the only problem existing. During January to June 2016, there are 187 hotspots found in KEL. Most of them happened in East Aceh, which reached 56 hotspots. There were also some hotspots found in Gayo Leus (31) dan South Aceh (30). Meanwhile, another hotspot in seven other districts happened around the number of 1-21. But fortunately, there was no single hotspot found in North Aceh, West Aceh, and Aceh Singkil.
“This hotspot is in line with the disappearing of forest cover in Aceh. For instance, the high number of hotspots in East Aceh has caused the deforestation in that area,” Agung explained.
On the other side, the production forest with the widest area loss happened in East Aceh (927 Ha). The reservation forest with the most widest area loss happened in Gayo Lues (184 Ha). The limited production forest with the most widest area loss happened in Southwest Aceh (46 Ha). The wildlife sanctuary with the most widest area loss hapenned in South Aceh (70 Ha). And the National Park with the most widest area loss happened in Southeast Aceh (123 Ha).