“Human’s activity that made the climate change, such as coal mining industrialization, the use of fossil fuel. Forests fire, decomposition process of waste and garbage.” –Dr. Ir. Nur Masripatin (Dirjen Pengendalian dan Perubahan Iklim KLHK)
Massive coal mining industrial expansion does not only affect the mining location condition, but also the location where the steam power plant (PLTU) built. More than that, environmental damage occured so the people lost their job and socio-cultural order also became the victim of the industrialization process.
Other than that, there are economic order changes, just like distribution, consumption, and production order. People who previously used barter system among farmers/community. Now have to depend on market mechanism. In this case, women are also vulnerable party because they can be direct victims when they have to defend their origin production space.
Women have a very important role in managing natural resources because almost all of women activities are related to natural resources. As an example, a household activity is one of women activities that needs water. So if the water they have has been polluted by mining industrialization, their activity will be hampered. Pressure for women is increasing when they have to lose their child or family member.
“All mining activities impacted to environmental damage and people to lose their job. In addition, women became one of most vulnerable victims in mining industrial process because they lost the access to living space, like they couldn’t get clean water for it contained coals. Meanwhile 70% of women activities need water, for example when they are on their period or post natal bleeding, doing the dishes and laundry, bathing, etc.” — Merah Johansyah (Coord. of JATAM Nasional)
The government in this case did not show any serious intention to protect and ensure the people’s safety. The government seemed to have taken side to mining company that automatically destroy the lives of people.
This was proven by National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015-2019 launched by Jokowi – JK rezime that still put Macro Economic Growth as the main indicator of people’s welfare. With a very ambitious macro economic growth, 7% per year until 2019, the easiest way to achieve it is by inviting as many investors as possible. Proving by the first thing done by Jokowi – JK rezime is selling out many projects, especially infrastructure and energy that was claimed to support the economic growth.
“It seemed like the government is not serious with this mining activity issue, although this activity has harmed many, especially women, and also killed children. The government is still busy with corruption issue which news is getting bigger each day.” – Siti Maemunah (TKPT)
Meanwhile the matter of nature and people’s safety, especially women, is still considered as externality in this country development to the future. At least there were three development issues that show how nature and people’s safety is still ignored. First, energy policy that is still based on fossil fuel, especially coal mining industry. Second, energy policy that is still addicted to mining, along with the weak commitment to develop renewable energy. Third, massive Karst area mining and cement factory establisment with the reason for developing infrastructure.
This infrastructure projects will increase the demand on national cement use, so in the past five years, many cement factory have been established that threatened Karst area as water container and provider.
Because of that, series of shared agenda that can defent the people’s interest are needed through the implementation of these targets:
- Increasing public awareness and knowledge about destructive force of coal mining and coal PLTU as production and consumption cycle of fossil energy and the relations with climate crisis.
- Consolidation to strengthen people’s solidarity for the fight to save living space and support contestability economic that is equitable and sustainable.
- Bridging women fighters to discuss the women problem and narrative around the coal mining area.
- Making strategic plan to fight the damage by coal mining and coal fired PLTU.
- Reading and establishing new coalition in downstream sector coal, one of them is cement industry and limestone mining.
Those agendas were realized in an activity with the theme of “Workshop and People’s Meeting for Sustainable and Sovereign Contestability Economic, not Coal”, that was executed on 18 tp 20 December 2016, located at Wisma Trisula Perwari, Jalan Menteng Raya No. 35, Kebon Sirih, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat.
On the first day, the activity was held with discussion among local representatives that shared infromation related to the problem they have been facing. This activity was attended by some media, community in coal upstream-downstream (people around the mining in Bengkulu, Jambi, Riau, SumSel, KalSel, KalTim, and Aceh), and students from various university.
The activity then followed by the music performance, teology oration, Liberation against Mines by Gus Roy Murtadlo (FNKSDA), movie screening and discussion.
On the second day, the activity was conducted in public seminar and interactive exhibition. It was opened by the first seminat with the topic “Sustainable and Sovereign Contestability Economic, not Coal” and the second seminar with the topic “Exposing Upstream-Downstream Coal Destruction Power in the Project of 35.000 MW and the Fate of Renewable Energy”.
Those two seminars were conducted with Andre Wijaya (Terminal Benih Community), Hendro Sangkoyo (SDE), Siti Maemunah (TKPT), Dr.Ir.Nur Masripatin (Dirjen Pengendalian dan Perubahan Iklim KLHK), Abdul Azis (KPK Republik Indonesia), and Merah Johansyah (Coordinator of JATAM Nasional) as speakers, and Melky Nahar as the moderator.
The activity then followed by press briefing – Exposing JATAM Finding, national workshop with the topic “Advocacy for Energy Sectro and Project of 35.000 MW and the Threat to Women, People’s Safety, and Climate” with Ki Bagus Hadikusuma and Sarah Agusti as the speakers, closed with advocacy strategic planning program on the refusal of coal industry.
Meanwhile, interactive exhibition with the topic of “Coal Destruction Power and Climate Crisis” showed various photos on Destruction Power of coal mining and coal fired PLTU as the recycle of fossil energy production and consumption, and also the relations to climate crisis.
The last day was filled with audience activities with the Directorate General of Law Enforcement Environment and Forests, KLHK and closure.
In general, this activity that bridged policy makers with people around coal mines and coal fired PLTU did not only resulted in information exchange about the crisis they experienced because of extractive industry, but also initiative response in developing contestability economy.